We constellation Marine often carry’s out the pre-vetting SIRE inspection preparation (ship inspection report programmed) for our clients. Sire output and credentials plays a Very important role for tankers and chemical tanker’s when getting approved by several oil majors. Let’s have some brief idea about it and key elements for same.
Process used by oil & chemical companies to assess acceptability of 3rd party vessels to carry their cargoes and/or call at their terminals.

The SIRE inspections are based on industry best practices developed by the industry itself. Of course, each oil major might have their own specific requirements for clearing vessels.

The basic operating principles of SIRE:

 How reports are accessed by recipients
 What the delivered reports look like
 Using the VIQs for SIRE self-inspections
 Reporting defects and corrective actions – The defect management system

SIRE inspections – key issues:

 Overall safety
 Conduct of the inspection
 The SIRE report editor – The inspector’s reporting tool
 Inspector observations
 Other comments, additional comments
 The new officer qualification matrix
 Getting ready and staying ready for inspection
 Oil Record Book

Analysis of parts I and II of an oil record book. How to review the excerpts and record where the entries may reveal problems or irregularities.

The inspection preparation:

Below mentioned sectors requires high attention and if we maintain same all the time then vessel is ready for inspection at given point of time.

 Remember first impressions is the last impression.
 Gangway boarding and safety briefing
 The opening meeting
 Important certificates and documentation
 ESP documentation.
 Officers’ licences
 Hours of rest records
 Wheelhouse and navigation
 Communications
 External areas
 Maindeck, and foc’s’le
 Oil spill protection
 Cargo and crude oil washing piping
 Fire lines and other piping
 Manifold area, gangways
 IG distribution system
 Deck water seal, non-return valve
 PV breaker, IG branch piping
 Cargo tank venting and secondary venting systems
 Assessment of tank condition
 Ballast water sampling
 Mooring systems
 Pump room
 Cargo operations and cargo control room, engine room
 PPE, documentation
 Engine control room
 The walk round, oily water separator
 Steering gear
 Accommodation – internal
 De-briefing with the master
 Dealing with SIRE inspectors
 Dealing with inspection reports
 How it is and how it can be done

The Inspection Process:

The Vetting inspection is simply an inspection ie. a “snap shot in time”.
For vetting purposes doesn’t declare that vessel has passed or failed an inspection, but the inspection forms part of overall screening process.

Vetting inspection preparation may be under taken by:

i. Individual oil/chemical companies or terminals
ii. Accredited SIRE inspectors under the SIRE system
iii. Accredited CDI inspectors under the CDI system

As per Intertanko:” The SIRE system is a very large database of up- to-date information about tankers and barges. Essentially, SIRE has focused tanker industry awareness on the importance of meeting satisfactory tanker quality and ship safety standards. Since its introduction, the SIRE Programme has received industry-wide acceptance and participation by both OCIMF Members, Programme recipients and by ship Operators. The expansion of Barges and small vessels into SIRE was inaugurated in late 2004.”

In many cases, an “acceptable SIRE result” is often less of a measure of risk and more of a raw count of the number of observations contained in one or more SIRE reports. Two observations in

Chapters 4 (Navigation),
5 (Safety) or
6 (Pollution Prevention) are likely to result in rejection, regardless of the nature of those observations.

SIRE is the “Higher Authority”

  • The ship’s owner/operator doesn’t have to follow the SIRE requirements. But the oil companies don’t have to hire the ship either.In other words, OCIMF, through the SIRE program. has made safety an economic priority.
    Hence last but not the least sire inspection has increased the safety level and bound to follow the safety awareness culture in industry. It has reduced the number of incident drastically caused due to human error and equipment failure.

pre-vetting sire inspection

Blog Written by Capt. Manish Kumar- Master Mariner

                                                                                                                                                     Download Full Blog here (pdf)

carriage of break bulk cargo

Carriage Of Break Bulk Cargo On Board The Container Vessels

Break bulk cargos are goods that must be loaded individually on a ship and was the most common form of cargo for most of the history of shipping. The term break bulk derives from the phrase breaking bulk—the extraction of a portion of the cargo of a machinery, plant etc. Break bulk cargo is transported commonly in containers, crates etc or individually.

Qualified Surveyors from Constellation Marine Services attend un loading operations of break bulk cargo from container ships all over the world. The cargo arrived in a secured/lashed condition on one or more Flat Rack containers and containers were locked to the ship’s structure/holds by twist locks.

On arrival of the vessel at discharge port, Constellation Marine’s surveyor boarded the vessel and inspected the break bulk cargo which was secured on the Flat Rack containers along with ship’s responsible person. It was noted that the cargoes were properly secured/lashed on the Flat Rack containers by means of lashing belts. After pre-discharge inspection of the break bulk cargo and the condition of lifting gears & its certificates, the cargo was discharged by using shore gantry crane with the help of wire slings / shackles, which were connected to the lashing hooks of the cargo.


1) A tool box meeting to be conducted with all concerned (representative from ship, shore & stevedores) and to be discussed about the sequence of unloading & safety precautions to be followed.

2) To be inspected the condition of the cargo which was loaded/secured on board the vessel along with ship’s staff.
Pre-discharge inspection by a surveyor includes to check the condition of the cargo for any damages (existing or fresh), condition of lashing straps/wires along with associated gears & its suitability.

3) To inspect the condition of gears (straps/wires & cranes) using for lifting/hoisting the cargo and by the stevedores – physical condition, safe working load & to check the validity of third party inspection certificate.

4) To assist and co ordinating with stevedore’s Forman for a smooth un loading operation.

damage survey

During our qualified surveyor’s continuous supervision of cargo pre-discharge/loading inspection or discharging/loading of break bulk cargos, we have never experienced any breakages falling of cargo nor any shifting while sea passage in the 17000+ nominations so far executed by Constellation Marine’s qualified surveyors and naval architects.

Re working and verification of lashing arrangements prior sailing out upon loading of heavy lifts, break bulk units by our qualified & experienced naval architects is one of the key strengths of Constellation Marine Service’s deliverance to this segment of Maritime transportation industry.